Mark Tyrrel wrote a great article about how to avoid common thinking errors and develop your critical thinking. These errors are as follows:
- Misjudging risk
- Seeings things as black and white
- Assuming others think like you
- Proof by select examples
- Trance logic
I find with my students that their critical thinking is typically hindered by the fourth error. For example, when teaching my class how to create a formula to solve a problem in Excel, many students create a formula that generates the correct answer. However, the formula may only generate the correct answer for that specific case or a select few. Not all cases. The false confidence and understanding from thinking this way is why I always encourage my students to change the numbers in their spreadsheets or create alternate examples to test their formulas.