The following terms are used in adult education:
- SDL: self-directed learner
- SRL: self-regulated learner
- SGL: self-guided learner
SDL was one of my favourite topics in PIDP 3100. A SDL is a person who take initiative in the planning, execution, and evaluation of their learning experiences (Merriam, Caffarella, and Baumgartner, 2007, p. 110). I haven’t heard of the terms SRL and SGL before so I did some research. According to Zimmerman, “[s]elf-regulation is not a mental ability or an academic performance skill; rather it is the selfdirective process by which learners transform their mental abilities into academic skills” (2002, p. 65). Davis (2013, p. 86) generalizes SGLs to be learners who are self-directed, have self-access, and have independent learning possibilities.
The difference between SDL, SRL, and SGL related to the term self-directed. SRLs may not necessarily be SDLs but they have some self-directed skills to succeed academically. SGLs however are SDLs with the additional characteristics of self-access and independent learning possibilties. SGLs may not necessarily be SRLs. I see the “ultimate” learner as one who is self-directed, self-regulated, and self-guided. Do we agree or disagree with this comparison? Could a Venn diagram be constructed?
Davis, M. (2013). Beyond the classroom: The role of self-guided learning in second language listening and speaking practice. Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal, 4(2), 85- 95.
Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L. M. (2007). Learning in adulthood: A comprehensive guide (3rd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Zimmerman, B. J. (2002). Becoming a Self-Regulated Learner: An Overview. Theory Into Practice, 41(2), 64.